The history of the word cracker

Linguists now believe the original root to be the gaelic craic, still used in ireland anglicized in spelling to crack for entertaining conversation. Without these cattle, the cracker cowboy, the most mythic of the florida frontiersmen, would not have existed. Franchesca ramsey explains how slaves used the word cracker. In mtvs explainer web series decoded above, franchesca ramsey explains that cracker is a classist insult invented by a richer white upper class to describe lower class white people. Claire studies and celebrates cracker culture he and several friends run a traveling event called the great southern cracker roadshow he technically doesnt count as one. The photo attached with the article was a still from an episode of the jeffersons. After all, the sound of a whip lashing across their backs makes a crack sound. Aug 02, 2019 without these cattle, the cracker cowboy, the most mythic of the florida frontiersmen, would not have existed.

The true history of the name, however, is more involved and shows a shift in application over time. Jul 01, 20 but it turns out cracker s roots go back even further than the 17th century. A cracker is a thin, crisp biscuit which is often eaten with cheese. Flavorings or seasonings, such as salt, herbs, seeds, or cheese, may be added to the dough or sprinkled on top before baking. Their descendants, the cowboys who moved out west, might not have either. But it turns out crackers roots go back even further than the 17th century.

Cracker cowboys made the 120mile trek across the cracker trail in the oppressive heat of the summer with just their cattle and a few herd dogs for protection. Cracker is a slang term, originally referring to the poor whites of certain southern states, and now used as a disparaging term for a white man. Trayvon martins use of the term cracker doesnt make him a racist. View a timeline of our company history cracker barrel. It is sometimes used in a neutral context in reference to a native of florida, georgia or texas see florida cracker, georgia cracker or texas cracker. The soda cracker, an american product, predates the cream cracker, and, as we shall see, the word cracker, in the united states, predates the word biscuit as well. The premium brand used the traditional recipe and massproduced small square crackers with salt dusted on the top.

Our historian ralph wright has done an incredible amount of research and written a very indepth article on the history of the florida cracker sheep. Cracker term cracker, sometimes white cracker or cracka, is a term for white people, used especially for poor rural whites in the southern united states. Crackers are often branded as a nutritious and convenient way to consume a staple food or cereal grain. A term in southeastern united states english to describe poor white trash, derived from the scottish meaning of the verb to crack, which, in this sense denotes ostentation. I can confirm that trevords answer is 100% accurate, and contributes towards understanding the history behind cracker as mentioned in the ops question. Nabisco is one of the brands most often associated with the crackers, but today, any type of cracker with salt on the top can be called a saltine cracker.

In american english, the name cracker usually refers to savory or salty flat biscuits, whereas the term cookie is used for sweet items. Code switch where does the slur cracker come from, anyway. This idiom has its origins in slavery white people were called crackers because of the sound of a slaveowners whip. The meaning of the word has changed a lot over the last four. Cracker means something entirely different in florida. The english meaning of cracker as a braggart appears by elizabethan times, as, for example, in shakespeares king john 1595. Dispelling myths about what crackers are would be easier, if anybody knew for sure what the word really means and how it became applied to florida settlers in the. Claire said that you can find fancified cracker cuisine for sale at restaurants all over the south.

In the 1990s, some officials in highlands county, fla. The early scotsirish settlers were mostly presbyterian, baptist and methodist. Just because you lived in the south doesnt mean youre a cracker, ste. However, as ramsey notes, the slaves werent oppressing poor white. The word cracker doesnt have any real power to inflict pain on white people. Evins opened the first cracker barrel old country store on september 19, 1969, located on highway 109 in lebanon, tn. To really call yourself a cracker you have to live the cracker way you have to start your kitchen at 4 in the morning, he said. Where did the term come from though, and is it actually as offensive as. Cracker conveys history of bigotry that still resonates cnn. Flavorings or seasonings, such as salt, herbs, seeds, or cheese, may be added to the dough or sprinkled on top before. Cracker, sometimes white cracker or cracka, is a racial epithet for white people, used especially for poor rural whites in the southern united states.

Bake in an oven that has been preheated to 350f for 810 minutes. Another version of the origin of cracker comes from the spanish term cuaquero, which means quaker. The word cracker has a primary meaning, in addition to its slang meaning. A history of the florida cracker cowboys tampa magazine. This term was used by slaves as a slang term for their masters. Titled celtic christmas, this second solo album from tommy is a real cracker. The final was a real cracker with some marvellous pitching from both sides. Often used as a racist insult towards caucasians, the word cracker is misunderstood. Where does the term cracker come from, and how disparaging. The primary meaning for cracker is a thincrisp wafer, whether circular or square.

The cracker term was soon associated with the descendants of these early settlers, especially the cowboys and farmers of georgia and florida. The secret history of the word cracker new hampshire. At the same time, settlers were planting pecans in community. The first namebrand saltine cracker was released in 1876. Among african americans cracker became a contemptuous term for a white southerner.

By the end of the late 1700s, the pecans popularity had spread all along the atlantic seaboard, and appeared on the lands of notable easterners such as george washington and thomas jefferson. With a single phrase, rachel jeantel, that friend of trayvon martins, may have lit a fuse in the trial of his accused killer. And yes, even then the corn bread was made from scratch. Cracker has been used for whites the way the nword is used for african americans, according to ste. The power and the pain of the word cracker thought catalog. But dare compares corn cracker kentuckian, also poor, lowclass white farmer of georgia and north carolina 1835, u. Joe cole scored a cracker of a goal, but norwich were certainly not outclassed, except up front. What is the origin of the slang word cracker answers. Cracker definition and meaning collins english dictionary. Hacker culture is an idea derived from a community of enthusiast computer programmers and systems designers in the 1960s around the massachusetts institute of technologys mits tech model railroad club tmrc and the mit artificial intelligence laboratory. In early modern french, niger became negre and, later, negress black woman was unmistakably a part of language history. I took a breather on the edge of my grandmothers unused treadmill to read the article. He also scored a cracker of a goal in the firsthalf. Mar 06, 2014 clearly, hack is the word of the moment.

I should explain to your lordship what is meant by crackers. Though it has since turned into a racial insult, ramsey says that upper class whites in the 1600s and 1700s used cracker to refer to dumb, lazy lower. These stories are not about the nword and cracker the. The other term you asked about is a derogatory term used to bullying a race, is inappropriate language. Antonio brown and cracker, explained very smart brothas. Cracker, sometimes white cracker, is a contemptuous term used against white people, used especially against poor rural whites in the southern united states.

Jul 01, 20 with a single phrase, rachel jeantel, that friend of trayvon martins, may have lit a fuse in the trial of his accused killer. A cracker is a flat, dry baked food typically made with flour. The word entered the national vocabulary of the united states in 1884, when the atlanta crackers baseball team was formed. Jul 02, 20 in florida, christopher writes, the word cracker isnt a racial slur at all, but rather, a proud nod to the regions history, and ones own ancestry. Cracker conveys history of bigotry that still resonates. Dec 14, 2012 the soda cracker, an american product, predates the cream cracker, and, as we shall see, the word cracker, in the united states, predates the word biscuit as well. When the word came into the french language it is hard to say. Meaning instrument for crushing or cracking is from 1630s. They might have carried cracker with them as a shorthand for whites back in the jim crow south. People seemed more than pleased with the cooking, and by 1977, dan evins and his investors most of whom were local. There are many stories as to why the peoples in the geographic region from the georgia piedmont down through the florida panhandle and peninsula are called cracker, most of them based on what is known as a folk etymology. If you disagree, theres a reason why nobody hesitates to say cracker, while youll be pressed to find a person who doesnt refer to.

As used above, and in the halls of facebook, it derives from a verb that. Now liberal blacks will say jims reaction is just a testament of this being a crackers world. Throughout their history, between 1884 to 1961, the crackers were one of most winning teams in professional baseball, even. The word biscuit got to england via the french, who had, as mentioned above, gotten it from the romans. Coalcracker is from 1853 of persons, 1857 of machinery that breaks up mined coal. These stories are not about the nword and cracker the atlantic. As it turns out, in the area in which rachel jeantel was raised, the word cracker isnt a racial slur at all, but rather, a proud nod to the regions history, and ones own ancestry. The company was best known for their slogan, polly wants a cracker. At one point, krasny mentions the word cracker to cassidy.

Throughout their history, between 1884 to 1961, the crackers were one of most winning teams in professional baseball, even though they were never allowed to play in the major leagues. The secret history of the word cracker july 01, 20. This led to the coining of the word crackertude as a not entirely serious answer to negritude. Claire, curator of history at the museum, were trying to dispel those myths. Claire said that you can find fancified cracker cuisine for sale at restaurants all.

A term in southeastern united states english to describe poor white trash, derived from the scottish meaning of the verb to crack, which, in this sense. Just like all those touristy, overpriced soul food joints, ste. Nigger the word, a brief history african american registry. The secret history of the word cracker georgia public. The concept expanded to the hobbyist home computing community, focusing on hardware in the late 1970s e. But dare compares corncracker kentuckian, also poor, lowclass white farmer of georgia and north carolina 1835, u. Saltine crackers are one of the bestselling types of crackers in the world, but the history of these crackers dates back to the early 1800s when a bakery came up with the original recipe. The meaning of the word has changed a lot over the last four centuries, said dana ste. Basically, the word cracker is nowhere near the same level. The word was used especially of georgians by 1808, though often extended to residents of northern florida. The word cracker is commonly understood as a racist slur for whites. Mar 24, 2020 the word entered the national vocabulary of the united states in 1884, when the atlanta crackers baseball team was formed.

Claire, a florida historian and anthropologist who studies, er, crackers. In florida, christopher writes, the word cracker isnt a racial slur at all, but rather, a proud nod to the regions history, and ones own ancestry. It was used to refer to poor whites, particularly those inhabiting the frontier regions of maryland, virginia and georgia. Every monday in word watch, well dig into language that tells us something about the way race is lived in america today. Cnn had a remarkable discussion panel this weekend, thanks to the presence of george zimmerman and paula deen in the news, in which. Aug 20, 2002 some sources assert graham himself invented the snack in 1829. Moreover as we have learned from shirley im still really a racist sherrod, its a rich, white crackers world. I will be called a cracker lover, and race sellout, and yes, oreo cracker. The history of the word nigger is often traced to the latin word niger, meaning black. This word became the noun, negro black person in english, and simply the color black in spanish and portuguese. The hysterical history of crackers the black sphere with. All the way back to the age of shakespeare, at least.

969 431 15 1473 1377 1149 842 1578 590 638 1084 1388 1576 1239 786 57 153 396 1469 277 569 1065 275 228 1053 906 1329 6 585 752 387 1233