Cephas peter bible book

Simon peter encyclopedia of the bible bible gateway. Welcome to cephas ministries cephas files prophecy. Peter wrote two inspired epistles, 1 and 2 peter, between a. Peter, an apostle of jesus christ, to the strangers scattered throughout pontus, galatia, cappadocia, asia, and bithynia, elect according to the foreknowledge of god the father, through sanctificatio. The surname given to peter the disciple by jesus when his brother andrew introduced him john 1.

Thus, paul was a mature believer when he met cephas peter and james the lords brother in jerusalem. Peters original name was simon, but jesus called him cephas john. Did jesus invent the name peter kephas or cephas in aramaic. Cephas and the other original apostles you know, the guys that actually hung out with jesus on a daily basis back in the gospels were based mainly in jerusalem.

Now the spirit expressly says that in later times some will depart from the faith by devoting themselves to deceitful spirits and teachings of demons, through the insincerity of liars whose consciences are seared, who forbid marriage and require abstinence from foods that god created to be received with. Paul acted decisively when it became apparent to him that they were not straightforward about the truth of the gospel v. Sep 28, 2019 and when jesus beheld him, he said, thou art simon the son of jona. They agreed that we should go to the gentiles, and they to the circumcised. The nt had four different names for this individual. True, but im talking specifically in the case of gal. So firm was peter s faith that jesus gave him the name of cephas, meaning, in the syriac language, a rock peter is the greek translation of cephas. Most of what we know about peter comes from the bible itself, with some. The apostle simon was called cephas by jesus because he was to be the rock upon which the christian church was to be built. Additional names for peter in the bible include simon, simeon peter, and cephas.

Saint peter also known as simon peter, simeon, simon. The reason that petercephas would be in antioch is because he has gotten word that paul is preaching that mosaic law is no longer necessary, and so petercephas goes there to sort things out. He was an outspoken and ardent disciple, one of jesus closest friends, an apostle, and a pillar of the church galatians 2. Cephas aramaic for rock, the new name given to simon peter, the apostle. This collection of the cepher book sets forth the name of and makes references to our creator as he. Apparently, some of the people in corinth have decided to follow his teachings instead of pauls or apollos 1 corinthians 1. Cephas is a transliteration of the word kepa, which means rock in aramaic.

The early church did not see its mission as directed to gentiles. Peter was singled out because even in his wrongdoing he was a leader. Cephas peter also called simon barjona and cephas matthew 16. We have heard the objection as to books canonized and books not canonized, which begs the question. The aramaic name of which petros is the corresponding greek given by our lord to simon, when he was called to be a disciple. Peter and cephas are never located together in any way. This unique collection restores much of what has been removed andor incorrectly interpreted in the. In book 5 of his hypotyposes, a work now lost but cited fo. Meaning, origin and history of the name cephas behind. Gospel of peter, a partially docetic narrative that has survived in part acts of peter acts of peter and andrew acts of peter and paul acts of peter and the twelve gnostic apocalypse of peter a letter of peter to philip, which was preserved in the nag hammadi library apocalypse of. The council of nicea was the first to create a canon read. Peter means stone in greek, while cephas is stone in aramaic.

Though paul calls this disciple cephas, hes probably better known as peter. Explore what it means to live a life of faith with daily insights from john piper. After the miracle at the temple gate acts 3 persecution arose against the christians, and peter was cast into prison. Berean study bible andrew brought him to jesus, who looked at him and said, you are simon son of john. Jesus healed peters motherinlaw of a fever matthew 8. Galatians 2 and the petercephas controversy many assume that the apostle paul confronted the apostle peter in antioch regarding peters apparent lack of straightforwardness with the gospel. The house in which peter lived, in capernaum, is still standing.

Cephas and peter in the writings of paul who knew them. In the case of pauls confrontation with cephas in antioch 2. The simonsimeon variation has been explained as reflecting the wellknown custom among jews at the time of giving the name of a famous patriarch or personage of the old testament to a male child along with a similar. Paul mentions him briefly in the same breath as apollos. Saint peter, also known as simon peter, according to the new testament, was one of the twelve apostles of jesus christ, leaders of the early christian church. Cepher kepha rishon 9 1 peter cepher kepha sheniy 12 2 peter cepher yahudah 14 jude 5 cepheriym shaul pauls letters. In conclusion, we see that the simon, simon peter, simon cephas, cephas, petros, and peter were all one and the same person. Simon the rock, the rock on which jesus church would be founded. Cephas is an attempt at a transliteration of the aramaic through several languages. The catholic church considers him to be the first pope, ordained by jesus in the rock of my church dialogue in matthew 16. And now that he is become cephas indeed, we hear almost nothing of the name simon only in acts 10. Thou shalt be called cephas, which is by interpretation, a stone john i, 42. The hebrew word eth means divine and the hebrew word cepher means book, scroll, letter or writing.

The book proves that the bible is a living word in which lives are perfected for eternal life in christ jesus. James, cephas and john, those esteemed as pillars, gave me and barnabas the right hand of fellowship when they recognized the grace given to me. Peter cephas apostle watch tower publications index 19301985. Peter was corrected before all because the jews had been wrong to follow him, and the gentiles had been injured by their actions. As others have noted, jesus did not invent the name cephas. The gospels of matthew, mark, and luke list peter as the very first disciple called on by jesus, followed closely by peter s brother andrew, then james and john. After that no more mention is made of peter in the book of acts except james the other james, brother of jesus agrees with the words of the prophets about the gentiles acts 16 verses 1618 then proposes that they trouble not the gentiles who have turned to god to be circumcised and write to them that they abstain from pollutions of idols, and. Cephas of iconium, among the seventy disciples of jesus, bishop of iconium or colophon, pamphylia.

But throughout the gospels, peter was called as peter and his books also called in his name i peter and ii peter. Simon peter and cephas skeptical views of the bible and. Some also maintain that the book reflects a situation that did not exist until after peter s death, suggesting that the persecution referred to in 4. Cephas in galatians, philippians, and philemon shmoop. Aug 14, 2011 galatians 2 and the petercephas controversy many assume that the apostle paul confronted the apostle peter in antioch regarding peters apparent lack of straightforwardness with the gospel. You shall be called cephas which is by interpretation, peter. This is relevant because, given their prominence, we could expect them to appear together by chance at least some times. In aramaic the word means rock and is therefore equivalent to the greek peter, which also means rock, as shown by matt. Subjects treated are the hitler regime, occultism, est, psychology, word of faith, mormonism, catholicism, cults in general, the new world order, endtimes and the kjv bible. What peter did compelled the gentiles to live like jews v. Paul peter controversy many assume that the apostle paul confronted the apostle peter in antioch regarding peters apparent lack of straightforwardness with the gospel.

Cephas glossary term meaning as seen in the king james bible. If the new american bible nab is correct in stating that the james of gal. And when jesus beheld him, he said, thou art simon the son of jona. Paul peter controversy did paul confront the apostle peter. The three years to which paul refers in todays passage gal. Its no wonder they think so, because the king james version of the bible says exactly that in galatians 2.

Moreover, reputed to be pillars is a strange expression. The reason that peter cephas would be in antioch is because he has gotten word that paul is preaching that mosaic law is no longer necessary, and so peter cephas goes there to sort things out. According to christian tradition, peter was crucified in rome under emperor. Paul does not explicitly equate cephas and peter as one and the same person the jesus mysteries harmony, 2001, 187. You will be called cephas which, when translated, is peter. He was also known as simon, simon peter, cephas, simeon, or simon. When jesus saw peter, he said, so you are simon the son of john. All 9 new testament 9 john 1 1 corinthians 4 galatians 4 jump to book. Jesus looked at him and said, you are simon son of john. He did apply it to peter, and he did intend the pun others have noted, but i think there was a bit more irony there than we might otherwise realize. Peter constituted a denial of peters primacy of authority among the apostles fall by the wayside. The apostle peter, using the name given to him by jesus. Simeon the hebrew for peters original name acts 15.

In fact, you would think that peters answer was the best kept secret in the bible. The following are the scripture texts which refer to cephas. In general what we know about both fits perfectly with their being the same individual, which is highly unlikely to be a coincidence. Heres a fun little statistic his name is mentioned 195 times in the new testament. According to the new testament, was one of the twelve apostles of jesus christ, leaders of the early christian great church. What is surprising is that other early christian authors, all of whom also knew and used the. Thus in 1 peter silass greek may be seen, while in 2 peter it may be peter s rough greek that appears. Peter s journey to an apostle of christ is found throughout the new testament. So firm was peters faith that jesus gave him the name of cephas, meaning, in the syriac language, a rock peter is the greek translation of cephas.

By the way, simon the rock is not the same person as simon the zealot luke 6. After the resurrection, peter became one of the most influential christian leaders in the first century, and according to catholic. The resurrection of christ was a fact to be proved, like all other facts, by competent and credible witnesses. This unique collection restores much of what has been removed andor incorrectly interpreted in the bible for centuries. The apostle peter also known as saint peter, simon peter, and cephas was one of the 12 main disciples of jesus christ, and along with james and john, he was one of jesus closest companions. Later in life, peter spent time with john mark 1 peter 5. Peters original name, as indicated in the new testament, was simon simon in greek or only in acts 15. Jesus looked at him, and said, you are simon the son of jonah. After the resurrection, peter became one of the most influential christian leaders in the first century, and according to catholic tradition, he was also the first pope.

Peter had been a fisherman before being called to be an apostle. The apostle paul saw this as hypocrisy and called it such to peters face galatians 2. When paul recognized the seriousness of the situation 48 he confronted peter personally and publicly vv. Diocese of cephas, an ancient episcopal seat of the roman province of mesopotamia, in presentday tur abdin, turkey. Though paul calls this fellow christian cephas, hes probably better known to us as peter. In most versions of the new testament cephas is translated into greek petros in english peter. Well, from reading this excerpt, it appears rather obvious to me that the distinction between peter the disciple and cephas of the seventy was a seemingly wellintentioned fabrication by the early church in order to clear paul of the accusation of being disrespectful to peter.

200 1578 691 999 1077 41 252 917 945 588 837 67 1054 752 979 1431 1183 631 412 423 1433 864 1343 1334 213 260 1031 1430 858 700 280 70 1394 802 430 1417 721 1237 1054